The following procedures are prohibited:
Blood doping is the administration of blood, red blood cells and related blood products to an athlete. This procedure may be preceded by withdrawal of blood from the athlete who continues to train in this blood-depleted state.
Pharmaceutical, chemical and physical manipulation
Pharmaceutical, chemical and physical manipulation is the use of substances and of methods which alter, attempt to alter or may reasonably be expected to alter the integrity and validity of urine samples used in doping controls, including, without limitation, catheterisation, urine substitution and or tampering, inhibition of renal excretion such as by probenecid and related compounds and alterations of testosterone and epitestosterone measurements such as by epitestosterone* or bromantan administration.
* An epitestosterone concentration in the urine in excess of 200 nanograms per millilitre will have to be investigated by studies as in Article I.C (1).
The success or failure of the use of a prohibited substance or method is not material. It is sufficient that the said substance or procedure was used or attempted for the infraction to be considered as consummated.
Classes of drugs subject to certain restrictions
In agreement with the authorities responsible or in accordance with FIFA, tests may be conducted for ethanol. These results may lead to sanctions. For the time being, however, SAFA does not conduct tests for ethanol.
In agreement with the authorities responsible or in accordance with FIFA, tests may be conducted for cannabinoids (marijuana, hashish). The results of such test may lead to sanctions.
- Local anaesthetics
Injectable local anaesthetics are permitted under the following conditions:
- a) bupivacaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine, procaine, etc. can be used but not cocaine. Vasoconstrictor agents (e.g adrenaline) may be used in conjuction with local anaesthetics.
- b) only local or intra-articular injections may be administered;
- c) only when medically justified.
In agreement with International Sports Federations and the responsible authorities, notification of the permitted use may be necessary except for dental application. The details including diagnosis, dose and route of administration must be submitted prior to the competition or, if administered during the competition, immediately after injection, in writing to the relevant medical authority.
The use of corticosteroids is prohibited except:
- a) for topical use (anal, aural, dermatological, nasal and ophthalmological) but not rectal;
- b) by inhalation;
- c) by intra-articular or local injection.
The IOC Medical Commission has introduced mandatory reporting of athletes requiring corticosteroids by inhalation for the treatment of asthma during competitions. Any team doctor wishing to administer corticosteroids by inhalation or by local or intra-articular injection to a competitor must give written notification prior to the competition to the relevant medical authority.
Some examples of beta-blockers are:
Acebutolol, alprenolol, atenolol, labetalol, metoprolol, nadolol, oxprenolol, propranolol, sotalol, and related substances.
In agreement with the rules of the FIFA/IOC, tests will be, at the discretion of the responsible authorities. The results may lead to sanctions.
Summary of Urinary Concentrations
SUMMARY OF URINARY CONCENTRATIONS ABOVE WHICH IOC ACCREDITED
LABORATORIES MUST REPORT FINDINGS FOR SPECIFIC SUBSTANCES
cathine >5 micrograms/millilitre
ephedrine >5 micrograms/millilitre
epitestosterone >200 nanograms/millilitre
methylephedrine >5 micrograms/millilitre
morphine >1 microgram/millilitre
phenylpropanolamine >10 micrograms/millilitre
pseudoephedrine >10 microgram/millilitre
T/E ratio > 6