SAFA Doping Control Programme
Doping shall be defined as that stipulated by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). Classes of substances that are subject to a banning or restriction in football shall be the same as that determined periodically by FIFA for its competitions. The doping control programme of SAFA shall be implemented under the auspices of the authorised body for doping control in South Africa, the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport. The SAFA programme shall comply with the administrative framework for doping control as outlined by the Institute.
Prohibited Classes of Substances
Prohibited substances in class (A) include the following examples:
Amineptine, amiphenazole, amphetamines, bromantan, caffeine*, Carphedon, cocaine, ephedrines**, fencamfamine, mesocarb, Pentylentetrazol, pipradol, salbutamol***, salmeterol, Terbutaline***, … and related substances
* For caffeine the definition of a positive result depends on the concentration of caffeine in the urine. The concentration in urine may not exceed 12 micrograms per millilitre.
** For ephedrine, cathine and methylephedrine, the definition of a positive is 5 micrograms per millilitre of urine. For pseudoephedrine the definition of a positive is 10 micrograms per millilitre. If more than one of these substances is present, the quantities should be added, and, if the sum exceeds 10 micrograms per millilitre the sample shall be considered positive.
***Permitted by inhaler only when their use is previously certified in writing by a respiratory or team physician to the relevant medical authority.
NOTE: All imidazole preparations are acceptable for topical use, e.g. oxymetazoline. Vasoconstrictors (e.g. adrenaline) may be administered with local anaesthetic agents. Topical preparations (e.g nasal, ophthalmological) of phenylephrine are permitted.
Prohibited substances in class (B) include the following examples:
Dextromoramide, diamorphine (heroin), methadone, morphine, Pentazocine, pethldine, … and related substances
Note: codeine, dextromethorphan, dextropropoxyphene, Diphenoxylate, ethylmorphine, pholcodine and propoxyphene are permitted.
- Anabolic agents
The anabolic class includes 1) anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) and 2) beta-2 agonists.
Prohibited substances in class (c) include the following examples:
- Anabolic androgenic Steroids
Androstenedione, clostebol, dehydroeplandrosterone (DHEA), fluoxymesterone, metandlenone, metenolone, nandrolone, oxandrolone, stanozolol, testosterone*, … and related substances
*The presence of a testosterone (T) to epitestosterone (E) ratio greater than six (6) to one (1) in the urine of a competitor constitutes an offence unless there is evidence that this ration is due to a physiological or pathological condition, e.g. low epitestosterone excretion, androgen producing tumour, enzyme deficiencies.
In the case of T/E higher than 6, it is mandatory that the relevant medical authority conduct an investigation before the sample is declared positive. A full report will be written and will include a review of previous tests, subsequent tests and any results of endocrine investigations. In the event that previous tests are not available, the athlete should be tested unannounced at least once per month for three months. The results of these investigations should be included in the report. Failure to co-operate in the investigations will result in declaring the sample positive.
- Beta-2 agonists
When administered systemically, beta-2 agonists may have powerful anabolic effects.
Clenbuterol, fenoterol, salbutamol, salmeterol, terbutaline, … and related substances.
Prohibited substances in class (D) include the following examples:
Acetazolamide, bumetanide, chlorthalidone, ethacrynic acid, Furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide, mannitol*, mersalyl, Spironolactone, triamterene,… and related substances
*Prohibited by intravenous injection.
- Peptide and glycoprotein hormones and analogues
Prohibited substances in class (E) include the following examples:
- Chorlonic Gonadotrophin (hCG – human chorlonic gonadotrophin);
- Cortlcotrophin (ACTH);
- Growth hormone (hGH, somatotrophin);
All the respective releasing factors (and their analogues) of the abovementioned substances are also prohibited.